The Battle of Stalingrad was the successful Soviet defense of the city of Stalingrad, present day Volgograd, during the Second World War.
The German offensive began on 23rd August 1942, supported by significant bombing that reduced much of the city to rubble. Close quarter combat continued for 2 months until the Red Army launched Operation Uranus on 19th November 1942. The Axis forces were surrounded and, after several more months of fighting, they had run out of ammunition and supplies. They surrendered on the 2nd February 1943.
It is often considered one of the largest and bloodiest battles in the history of warfare, with combined civilian and military casualties of almost 2 million.
Victory at the Battle of Stalingrad stopped the German advance into the Soviet Union and marked a significant turning in the course of the war.