January 27th 2016 marks 71 years since the Red Army liberated the Auschwitz, the largest of the Nazi death camps.
In the weeks prior to the liberation, the SS began evacuating the camp and forced nearly 65,000 prisoners on ‘death marches’ west, killing all those that couldn’t keep up.
About 7000 prisoners remained when Red Army soldiers arrived. The 60th Army of the First Ukrainian Front arrived at the Monowitz sub camp early that morning. The Auschwitz main camp and Birkenau were liberated at 3pm, after battling with the withdrawing german units.
It is estimated that 1.1 million people were killed at Auschwitz.
There were approximately 11 million Jewish and non-Jewish victims of the Nazi mass murders throughout Germany and the occupied territories.