Tehran, Yalta & Potsdam. What was discussed and what did it mean for relations?
The Tehran Conference was held from Novermber 28th to December 1st 1943, at the Soviet Embassy in Iran. It was the first time the “Big Three” of Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt had all met together. The main topic of discussion was the opening of a second front in western Europe, to help ease the pressure on the soviet troops fighting in the east. This was agreed along with a confirmation that the Soviet Union would join the war against Japan after the defeat of Germany
The Yalta Conference was held between the 4th and 11th February 1945. The powers agreed that following the unconditional surrender of Germany, it should be split into four zones, although Stalin maintained that the French zone would have to be made out of the British and American Zones. The conditions under which the Soviet Union would enter the war against Japan were discussed and it was agreed that, in exchange Soviet participation, they would be given a sphere of influence in Manchuria after its defeat. It was also decided that free elections would take place in Eastern Europe and Stalin was invited to participate in the United Nations Russia was invited to join the United Nations. He requested that each of the 16 Soviet States should be granted membership, however only Ukraine and Byelorussia were given.
At the Potsdam Conference in July 1945 there was a change of personnel. Stalin discussed post war Europe with Atlee and Truman. Tensions were high as they argued over the details of the boundaries between the zones. It was here that the decision was made that America would get the zone with very little economic benefit, which would later lead to the creation of Bizonia- an action that affirmed the division between the Soviet Union and the Western powers. There was also debate on the amount of reparations the Soviet Union was allowed to extract from their zone. Moreover, western powers were concerned about the spread of communist power in Eastern Europe, and, mistrust grew as Truman refused to tell Stalin about the atombic bomb which the USA had successfully tested by this point.
By The Russian Student